1. What is PVTG.

Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG) (earlier: Primitive tribal group) is a government of India classification created with the purpose of enabling improvement in the conditions of certain communities with particularly low development indices. The Dhebar Commission (1960-1961) stated that within Scheduled Tribes there existed an inequality in the rate of development. During the fourth Five Year Plan a sub-category was created within Scheduled Tribes to identify groups that considered to be at a lower level of development. This was created based on the Dhebar Commission report and other studies. This sub-category was named "Primitive tribal group". The features of such a group include a pre-agricultural system of existence that is practice of hunting and gathering, zero or negative population growth, extremely low level of literacy in comparison with other tribal groups. Groups that satisfied any one of the criterion were considered as PVTG.

2.What is Odisha PVTG Empowerment and Livelihoods Improvement Programme?

Orissa Tribal Empowerment and Livelihoods Programme (OTELP) is a programme supported by International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Govt. of India and Govt. of Orissa .The ST/SC Development Department under Govt. of Orissa is the nodal agency to implement the programme.

3. What is the goal of the programme?

The OPELIP aims to The overall goal of OPELIP is to achieve 'enhanced living conditions and reduced poverty'5 of the target group households. This is sought to be achieved through realizing the development objective of enabling improved livelihoods and food and nutrition security primarily for 32,090 PTG households, 14,000 other tribal households and 16,356 other poor and Schedules Caste (SC) households. This in turn will be achieved via building the capacity of the target households, securing them their entitlements over land and forest, improving their agricultural practices for enhanced production, promoting income

4. Where the Programme will be implemented?

OPELIP interventions will be implemented in all 17 MPAs19 located in twelve districts of Odisha namely Malkanagiri, Rayagada, Angul, Deogarh, Ganjam, Nuapada, Keonjhar, Sundergarh, Gajapati, Kandhamal, Kalhandi and Mayurbhanj. This covers13 PTGs living in some 542 villages within the MPA areas and another 477 villages outside the MPA jurisdiction but within the 84 MPA Gram Panchayats (GPs).

5. Who will get benefit out of this programme?

The main target group to be served by this Programme, as its title suggests, are the PVTGs. However, adopting an inclusive approach to targeting, OPELIP will cover 62,356 households. These include 32,091 households from 13 PVTGs living in 542 villages within the MPA areas and the rest from ST, SC and other social groups living in 477 villages outside the MPA jurisdiction but within the 84 MPA Gram Panchayats (GPs).

6. Are the only PVTG people living in those villages will get benefit out of this programme?

No. The total population of the selected villages within the programme area will be covered under this programme asinclusive approach.

7. What the programme comprises?

1. Community Empowerment

  • Community institutions Development
  • Promotion of women SHGs and Rural finance
  • 2. NRM, Food and Nutrition Security and Livelihood Enhancement

  • Natural Resource Management
  • Food and Nutrition security
  • Livelihoods Improvement
  • 3. Community Infrastructure & Drudgery Reducing Interventions

  • Community Infrastructure
  • Drudgery Reduction
  • 4. Programme Management

  • Programme Management Unit (PMU)
  • Programme Management at MPA level
  • Programme M&E and Knowledge management
  • 8. What is Capacity Building?

    Capacity Building is a set of activities to access the existing skills/ strengths of the different stake holders in the programme and to increase their capacity through need specific trainings, exposures etc.

    9. What is Empowerment?

    Empowerment is to make someone learn and ensure participation in decision making process. For example if we provide information to a woman about the current programmes implementing in her village and benefits of the programmes. If the woman use this information in a productive manner to get benefit and demand during the decision making process in the village, then we can say that the woman is empowered.

    10. What are the capacity building programmes will be conducted during the programme and for whom?

    The programme will enhance the capacity of the different stake holders involved in this programme as per the need and requirement at different levels. Starting from the village level institutions to the state level institutions, different officials, NGO members, village level leaders, beneficiaries etc. will taken into the different capacity building programmes. The programmes would be skill development trainings, behavioral change trainings, awareness campaigns, motivation camps, exposure to similar kind of projects etc. The different support agencies will also be included in this programme.

    11. What is Livelihood?

    A person's livelihood refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities -food, water, shelter and clothing- of life". Livelihood is defined as a set of activities, involving securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing and the capacity to acquire above necessities working either individually or as a group by using endowments (both human and material) for meeting the requirements of the self and his/her household on a sustainable basis with dignity. The activities are usually carried out repeatedly.

    12. Our and your language and thoughts are different. How you will understand our problems?

    The programme will be implemented by the people of the village itself and facilitated by the local Non-Govt. Organisations working in the similar kind of the programme. So there will be no such differences arise during the implementation of the programme.